Mr. Robinson
Westfield High School
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Course Description
Redesign Information (2015-2016): here

​DBQ, LEQ, SAQ Redesign Instruction: here

My Syllabus
These links will provide information about the course including grading, content, and general course description.
AP European History is a course designed to give the opportunity to earn college credit while you are still in high school. The course is taught in such a way to prepare you for the national AP exam given each May. For the most part, this course is taught much like courses required of college freshmen or sophomores. As a result, it will be different from the courses with which you have become familiar in the past. It is this difference that gives an AP course its credibility.
This link will take you to various Medieval sources to acquire some background knowledge to our course.  AP European history begins ca 1450 AD.  This link provides links and information about pre-1450.
Unit I:  Renaissance
The Renaissance returned Man back to the center of the universe, rather than the divine. Renaissance literally means “rebirth” and was a revival of Greco-Roman art, architecture, literature, and culture. Combined with humanism the Renaissance would bring about a keen interest in humanity and secular pursuits. It would lay the foundation for a Scientific Revolution and religious Reformation. 
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AP European History
Summer Reading Suggestions
1066: The Year of the Conquest
                        by: David Howarth
The Pillars of the Earth
              by: Ken Follett
Medieval Lives: Eight Charismatic...
                     by: Norman Cantor
Summer Movie Suggestions
Disclaimer: Some of these suggestions are rated R .  Parental permission is required in these cases.  These films are recommended due to their historical accuracy, or in the case of works of fiction, their adherence to historical dress and mannerisms.
Lady Jane: Rated PG
Unit VI: State-Building in the 17th & 18th Century
Unit VI:  Enlightenment
AP Euro Part I  (August - December) 
Medieval & Renaissance Comparison Chart
"The Reformation in sixteenth-century Europe began as an effort to reform the Christian Church, which many believed had become too concerned with worldly matters. Soon, however, the Church found itself facing a serious challenge from a brilliant German theologian, Martin Luther, and his followers. What began as a protest evolved into a revolution with social and political overtones. By the end of the century, a Europe that had been united by a single Church was deeply divided, as the Catholic and Protestant faiths vied for the minds and hearts of the people."
Excerpt taken from:
Active Reading Guide: here
The Age of Exploration or Age of Discovery as it is sometimes called, officially began in the early 15th century and lasted until the 17th century. The period is characterized as a time when Europeans began exploring the world by sea in search of trading partners, new goods, and new trade routes.

The Commercial Revolution saw a great increase in commerce in Europe. It received stimulus from the voyages of exploration undertaken by England, Spain, and other nations to Africa, Asia, and the New World. 
"The scientific discoveries of the 16th - 17th centuries brought upon a fundamental change in the ways Europeans viewed the natural world. It had significant implications in areas such as political and religious thought. The period of exploration led to discovery of new plants and animals and encouraged great interest in the natural sciences, and there was also a new interest in navigation and astronomy. Thanks to the Printing Press, scientific knowledge spread more rapidly at that time than at any other time in previous history. The constant warfare between the various nation-states may have pushed scientific development because they wanted to have new technologies. The Protestant Reformation also pushed the revolution since it created a larger reading public, and Luther and Calvin's opposition to Rome provided an example of challenging established authority. Lastly, Renaissance Humanism contributed to it."
"Although the intellectual movement called "The Enlightenment" is usually associated with the 18th century, its roots in fact go back much further. But before we explore those roots, we need to define the term. This is one of those rare historical movements which in fact named itself. Certain thinkers and writers, primarily in London and Paris, believed that they were more enlightened than their compatriots and set out to enlighten them. They believed that human reason could be used to combat ignorance, superstition, and tyranny and to build a better world. Their principal targets were religion (embodied in France in the Catholic Church) and the domination of society by a hereditary aristocracy."
 Abs Const .ppt: here      Absolutism (Age of Louis XIV): here       Constitutionalism: here    17th Century State Basics: here             
"The During the 17c and 18c, Britain, France, Austria, Prussia, and Russia were able to establish or maintain a strong monarchy, standing army, efficient tax structures, large bureaucracy, and a more or less domesticated, divided or loyal nobility so that this period is known as the "Age of Absolutism."         From
"England: began developing Limited Monarchy since Magna Carta of 1215 and is slowly moving toward democracy; trade with new world is making England rich; island geography provides great defense from Spain & France and encourages a strong navy which will make England the world superpower until 1918 as Spain declines and France goes broke and begins French Revolution"
FromMr. Stegen
"The French Revolution, also called Revolution of 1789, the revolutionary movement that shook France between 1787 and 1799 and reached its first climax there in 1789. Hence the conventional term “Revolution of 1789,” denoting the end of the ancien régime in France and serving also to distinguish that event from the later French revolutions of 1830 and 1848." 
"In 1799, after the French Revolution had quieted into the Thermidorean Reaction, a brilliant general named Napoleon Bonaparte overthrew the Directory and came into power as leader of the Consulate, beginning in 1799. Under Napoleon, France became a nationalist power, expanding its territory into Italy and exerting its influence over other powers. Napoleon consolidated his rule by suppressing rebellions in France, normalizing relations with the Church in the Concordat of 1801, and streamlining the French law system in the Napoleonic Code. By 1804, Napoleon was so powerful that he declared himself Emperor."
1450-1815 Review Items
Monarchies 15th - 17th Centuries (.ppt): here
Tudor and Stuart Monarchies (.ppt): here

ID Review (key terms): here
Social History Chart: here
Outline Notes Ren to Rel Wars: here
Rulers Timeline to 1750: here

Review of eras guide to study: here
Extensive key terms ID Review: here

FRQ Questions from previous years: here
This is the bottom of the page.  Duh.  
AP Euro Part II  (January - May): here
AP Euro Part II here  (January - May)
Aug - Dec Review Materials
Period I: 1450 -1648
Period II: 1648-1815
Four Periods:
    Period I:    1450-1648
    Period II:   1648-1815
    Period III:  1815-1914
    Period IV:  1914-2005
Historical Thinking Skills:
1. Historical Causation
2. Continuity & Change Over Time 
3. Contextualization
4. Historical Comparison

Summer Assignment
Mandatory assignment for 2018-2019 school year: here
1. Interaction of Europe & the World
2. Poverty & Prosperity
3. Objective knowledge & Subjective visions
4. State and other institutions of power
5. Individual & Society
​6. National & European Identity
AP European History
The Annotated Mona Lisa - ART!!!!: here