Mr. Robinson
Westfield High School
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Science & Enlightenment
Science Powerpoint: here
Enlightenment Powerpoint: here
Science & Enlightenment Notes: here
Philosophes Notes: here

Scientific Revolution Notes Part 1
Scientific Revolution Notes Part 2
Scientific Revolution Notes Part 3
Fun Music Video from AP Euro Students
Very well done video - basics of the Science Rev'l
"Modern science, as we know it today, is the daughter of the European Enlightenment. That age of intellectual ferment beginning in the early 18th century established “reason”, instead of divinely ordained revelation, as the basis of knowledge. At its core was the questioning of traditional institutions, morals, and customs which had previously upheld the supremacy of the church in the intellectual sphere, and feudal relations in the social sphere. In this intellectual atmosphere, science, the process of systematic pursuit of knowledge, underwent a huge qualitative change from its earlier reliance on scriptures and classical Greek authorities like Aristotle, into a methodology dependent on reason, critical questioning, and establishment of clear relationship between cause and effect by direct observation. As Rene Descartes, one of the intellectual giants of the Enlightenment, famously declared, and Karl Marx, probably the most complete intellectual offspring of the Enlightenment, adopted as his favourite motto, “de omnibus dubitandum”, that is, “Doubt everything”, became the reigning methodology of scientific enquiry."
Astronomy: here
Medicine: here
Chemistry: here
Scientific Societies: here
Lock versus Hobbes: here
   Hobbes: here
   Locke: here
Voltaire: here
Montesquieu: here
Rousseau: here
Hume: here
Kant: here
Enlightened Despots: here
Women in the Enlightenment: here
    Daniel Defoe's instruction of Women: here
Religious Reaction: here
TOM RICHEY!!!!   Copernicus & Galileo - 20 min.